One of the great problems in the science, it is a development of sustainable materials, which are produce by a chemically green rout. In this sense, chemically functionalization of natural polymers is very interesting, because these polymers are biodegradable, biocompatible, it has an easy manufacture, and it may be extracted from natural sources. Moreover, these natural polymers are scientifically and industrially attractive to be use as biomass, because they present great thermal conversion and do not release toxic compounds in the environment. In addition, these materials may be chemically modified to improve and produce many news materials. In this context, the Brazilian semiarid region, it has great source of natural polymers. Moreover, this region has been faced a great water crisis with sparse rain during the year and undergoes desertification process. However, this region has been used many types of pesticides, which aggravates the water contamination. For this reason, the region also requires a new approach to the energy production, alternative control for agroindustry, and improve the use of natural source from the region. Despite the Brazilian semiarid situation, this region presents a biome that has a great potential as biomass, supply natural polymers and another material. This biome could be a source of catalytic materials that reduces the water contamination, and providing large inputs for research in various areas. Since these natural materials that are available in large quantities, as they represent practically unexploited resources, are broadly available and are environmentally friendly.
Fernanda G. L. Medeiros Borsagli is a Professor in Institute of Engineering, Science and Technology (IECT) at Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM). She is Material Engineering, Master and PhD at Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG/Brazil) in the subject area Material Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry to environmental and biological applications. Research of environmental problems in the semiarid region and all Brazil country.